Heating and Cooling

INTRODUCTION

Stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war and/or impoverished situations will likely need to protect themselves from harsh weather conditions, especially if their homes have been destroyed. Heat strokes and hypothermia often kill more people than the actual earthquake, hurricane, or other disaster. Providing the victims with the basics of water, shelter, food, and medical services can help solve many of the factors that lead to such suffering, but in this section we also highlight specific technologies that can help combat the harsh weather.

KEY RESOURCES

STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for technologies that can be supplied to emergency situations and for long-term development in order to help those suffering from extreme temperatures.

The Sphere Project (http://www.sphereproject.org) is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community, when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. TIDES recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link. Equipment that can help with heating/cooling needs is considered an NFI (non-food item) and the Sphere Project lists many important cultural considerations to apply when selecting such items.

Heating is often a major concern, because of the risk of fires, smoke inhalation and pollution, carbon monoxide poisoning, burning of fossil fuels, and deforestation. The International Network on Household Energy in Humanitarian Settingshttp://www.fuelnetwork.org/index.php/Livelihoods-Food-Security is a good resource that discusses physical protection, improved technologies, alternative fuels, and fuel-efficient techniques.

In most cases, the simplest solution is blankets. In addition to water and plastic sheeting, blankets are often the most commonly distributed NFI (non-food item) distributed after disasters. To see the blankets that are used by USAID, visit this link to a pdf file on our website. http://star-tides.net/files/USAID%20Disaster%20Commodity%20Catalog%20REV%2010-2008.pdf

OTHER RESOURCES

The following is a link to the Emergency Items catalog for the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (ICRC). This has descriptions of many of the products that the ICRC uses in disaster response situations. For Heating, go to Volume 1, then ‘Household’ and then ‘Bedding and Clothes’ or ‘Stoves and Heaters’ for a listing of equipment that the ICRC commonly deploys. – http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/#1_105

The regulation of body temperature and preventing heat stroke, heat exhaustion, frostbite, and hypothermia is often included as part of the health section in disaster and development-related manuals. The following sites offer helpful information on this topic:

http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/winter

       – Center for Disease Control’s recommendations on preparing for and surviving during winter disasters.

http://www.who.int

       – the World Health Organization is a great resource for many health concerns and has a good information repository of illnesses caused by overexposure to heat or cold.

http://www.builditsolar.com/Projects/WaterHeating/water_heating.htm

     – this site is a great resource for building your own solar water heaters and has instructions and a number of examples. These are applicable to long-term development projects.

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists lighting solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Heating Products
  • Cooling Products

Planning factors common to all heating/cooling solutions are:

  • Costs – initial set-up investment of unit, transportation and upkeep costs.
  • Size of equipment – weight and dimensions of packaging and of fully deployed unit.
  • Upkeep requirements –attrition of parts? Are any materials reusable?
  • Operator training/difficulty of upkeep
  • Maintenance (man hours/day)
  • Environmental considerations

HEATING PRODUCTS

(List of Company Providers)

Emergency Blanket providers:

Small room/shelter heaters

Mr Heater (Propane)
http://disasterstore.com/mrhepoprrahe.html
Stansport Heaters
http://www.stansport.com/v2/category.php/18/Heaters.html
Sunup Solar
http://www.sunupsolarinc.com/sunupsolarinc_howitworks.html

Solar Water Heaters

Build your own solar water heater
http://www.motherearthnews.com/Renewable-Energy/1980-03-01/A-Portable-Solar-Water-Heater.aspx
SolarMate
http://www.solarmate.com.my/
Silicon Solar
http://www.siliconsolar.com/solar-radiant-heating-kits.html

Large generator powered units

Can be used for field hospitals, backups if normal hospital systems fail, and for other key buildings or command and control shelters

Carrier Rental Systems
http://www.hvacportablesystems.com/rental-heaters.html
Temcool
http://www.temcool.com/products/packaged_HVAC_units/
Drash
http://www.drash.com/Products/SupportEquipment/D1000BHeater.aspx
EMS Innovations
http://store.emsinnovations.com/p-255-environmental-control-unit-portable-ecu-5-ton.aspx
Tactical Power
http://www.tacticalpower.com/tactical_environmental_control_units.htm
Drake
http://www.drakeecu.com/
DRS Technologies
http://www.drs.com/Products/SustainmentIndex.aspx

COOLING PRODUCTS

(List of Company Providers)

Sleepbreeze
http://www.sleepbreeze.co.uk/
Coleman Tent Fan
http://www.coleman.com/coleman/colemancom/detail.asp?product_id=830A352T&categoryid=6000&brand=
O2 Cool Rechargeable Fans
http://www.o2-cool.com/rechargeable_overview.php

Large Units

Large units that can be used for field hospitals, backups if normal hospital systems fail, and for other key buildings or command and control shelters

Carrier Rental System
http://www.hvacportablesystems.com/case10.htm
Temcool
http://www.temcool.com/services/emergency_cooling/default.asp
Drash
http://www.drash.com/Products/Trailers/SkidMountedECU.aspx
EMS Innovations
http://store.emsinnovations.com/p-255-environmental-control-unit-portable-ecu-5-ton.aspx
Tactical Power
http://www.tacticalpower.com/tactical_environmental_control_units.htm
Drake
http://www.drakeecu.com/
DRS Technologies
http://www.drs.com/Products/SustainmentIndex.aspx

Tactical Shelter Systems – Energy Technologies Inc.

Modular Easily Deployed Shelters
Utilis USA has partnered with Energy Technologies, Inc. to provide the total Tactical Shelter Systems solution.

Utilis USA provides a variety of military shelters from an innovative system of deployment. The ease and speed with which the shelter systems deploy saves soldier time and simplifies training.

Language English
Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Lighting

INTRODUCTION

Sources of light can be vitally important in an emergency and a flashlight (aka torch) is often at the top of the list for supplies in disaster preparedness packs. A source of light is also very valuable for those areas of the world where there is no central power grid. Ashraf Ghani once described a light bulb in every kitchen as being one of the most transformative things that could be done in Afghanistan. Lighting can extend working hours and allow children to study after working during the day, and also help adults take care of the household and even run small businesses. Adequate lighting is also important for security, and must be a consideration when establishing camps, whether short-term or long-term refugee camps.

The lights needed after a disaster and the lights for developing world often have similar characteristics, and many products are now using renewable power sources such as solar or mechanical or combinations of the two. Many lights that have renewable energy supplies are also combined with radios and cell phone chargers.

To help and share knowledge, TIDES has put together a list of informative websites on artificial lighting and a list of companies that can provide the equipment.

Recent improvements in, and mass production of, LEDs (light emitting diodes) have had a huge effect on the industry, because LEDs use significantly less power than incandescent bulbs, though the costs often are higher. They also can be arranged in diverse configurations because of low heat output and other characteristics. Fluorescent (especially compact-type), halogen and krypton bulbs are still valuable and can be found in many products.

KEY RESOURCES

The Lumina Project (http://light.lbl.gov/light.html) is a great resource on lighting, run by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Their goal is “Cultivating Technologies and Markets for Affordable Low-Carbon Off-Grid Lighting in the Developing World.”

They have a number of features which we want to highlight here:

The Sphere Project (http://www.sphereproject.org). Artificial Lighting is considered a non-food-item (NFI) according to the Sphere standards, which are the common standards used by the international community, when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link. However, the standards are not specific for the lighting category. A recent revision is that Sphere has started pushing the use of light sources other than gas lanterns or candles, but Sphere has no specifications for lighting at camps, other than recommending that these put in place. We did pull this quote from one of the drafts available at their website.

Artificial lighting: lanterns or candles can provide familiar and readily sourced lighting, although the fire risk of using such items should be addressed, as well as battery-powered torches. Consider the use of energy efficient artificial lighting such as light-emitting diodes (LEDS) and the provision of photo-voltaic solar panels to generate localised electrical power sources.

OTHER RESOURCES

  • The following is a link to the Emergency Items catalog for the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (ICRC). This has descriptions of many of the products that the ICRC uses in disaster response situations. For Lighting look for Volume 1, then “Power Supply and Equipment” http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/#1_105
  • The UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) lays out its recommendations for placement of lighting in camps in their handbook here http://www.unhcr.org/publ/PUBL/471db4c92.html
  • The Portable Light Project creates new ways to provide renewable power in solar textiles that can be adapted to meet the needs of people in different cultures and global regions. Portable Light helps the world’s poorest people to create and own energy harvesting bags, blankets, and clothing using local materials and traditional weaving and sewing techniques in an open source model. http://portablelight.org/
  • These two articles from USAID’s publication Frontlines highlight some unique efforts in the developing world to make their own lights:

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists lighting solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

  • Solar-Powered
  • Mechanically Powered
  • Battery Powered
  • Large and Specialty use lighting systems (for airports, hospital, large camps, etc)

Outdoor equipment providers often have a large selection of flashlights available and provide the key characteristics on their webpage, such as bulb type, brightness (usually measured in lumens), battery life, weight, and other important factors to consider. If you are purchasing for your own disaster preparedness kit, try using some of these sites to compare products.

(TIDES does not endorse the above stores or products, nor are we responsible for their content or products.)

SOLAR-POWERED

Sollatek
http://www.sollatek.com
Bogolight
http://www.bogolight.com
Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
SunFire
http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115

MECHANICAL

Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
Megabrite Flashlights
http://megabriteflashlights.com
Garrity Flashlights
http://www.garritylites.com/page116.html
LifeGear
http://www.lifegearcompany.com/lighting.html
Coleman
http://www.coleman.com/coleman/ColemanCom/subcategory.asp?CategoryID=1140

BATTERY POWERED

Sollatek
http://www.sollatek.com
Sunnight Solar
http://www.sunnightsolar.com
Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
TekTite
http://www.tek-tite.com
Litesafe
http://www.litesafe.org
Surefire
http://www.surefire.com/
Brunton
http://www.brunton.com/
Coleman
http://www.coleman.com/coleman/home.asp
Coast
http://www.coastportland.com/
LifeGear
http://www.lifegearcompany.com/lighting.html

LARGE/SPECIALTY USE

TekTite
Many types of personal flashlights, and lighting systems for signaling, temporary runways, etc.
http://www.tek-tite.com
Clark Masts Systems Limited
Company produces many types of telescoping masts that can be used to hold lighting systems.
http://www.clarkmasts.com
Portable Masts
Integrates many types of masts, lighting, and power systems for emergency use.
http://www.portablemasts.com.au
Setolite
This company out of Germany makes many lighting solutions for constructions and military uses, but this durability may be useful in disaster situations. They have a separate website for military lighting here – http://www.defence-products.com/Products_EN.HTML.
http://www.setolite.de
Novatech Lighting
Company focuses on lighting products for the emergency responder, such as Police, Fire, and Emergency medical services.
http://novatechlighting.com
Pelican
Numerous medium-sized LED solutions and LED flashlights.
http://www.pelican.com/lights_category_aalg.php
Carmanah Solar
Combines solar power and LED lighting for various applications including airports, marine, traffic, and general outdoor lighting.
http://www.carmanahsolar.com
Coast
http://www.coastportland.com/
Naps Systems
http://www.napssystems.com/

Sol, Inc.: Disaster Response Solar Lighting Systems (DRL)

SOL Inc’s Disaster Response Solar Light System provides off-grid and reliable solar powered LED lighting for fast deployment and dependable light. Reliable off-grid lighting allows disaster relief and recovery operations to operate 24 hours a day.

Disaster Response Solar Light (DRL)
Solar Powered LED Lighting System
Made in the USA by SOL®.

Language English

SOL, INC: Solar Powered Overhead Street Lighting (Designed for African Roadways))

IMPROVING LIVES AND COMMUNITIES WITH SOLAR LED LIGHTING FROM SOL
Approximately 90% of Africans do not have lighting. A proven solution is solar powered lighting.
Enhancing lives in the community
• Improves safety
• Improves commercial prosperity
• Increases socialization
• Reduces accidents, injuries and death
• Decreases migration from villages

Language English

Sol, Inc: 20/20™ & 10/10™ Lighting

THe TT Series is Sol’s latest state-of-the-art LED lighting system designed for large spaces such as parking lots and perimeter security areas. It delivers superior light performance in an architectural package that increases pole spacing, lighting uniformity and simplifies installation. The TT Series unified design incorporates a low profile LED luminaire (either a 10/10 or 20/20), light engine, PV assembly and pole that is powder coated your color choice.

Language English

Sirona Cares

Our Mission: To build sustainable communities.
The Sirona Cares Foundation (SCF) builds sustainable communities by addressing two of the most damaging and persistent patterns in the developing world: poverty and ecological destruction. Our pilot program, started in Haitian rural communities, establishes a stable economic base through jatropha farming, while supporting the health and education of children; this program is fully scalable and applicable to the great majority of countries in the developing world.

Language English

Coast – Emergency LED Lights

The Coast EAL20 LED Lantern has 9 high-quality LED’s which provide incredible brightness and energy efficiency, giving you up to 100 hours of runtime on one set of (4) D cell batteries (not included). Choose between flashing red, solid red, area light, and energy saving modes; or select your preferred light level with the built-in dimming switch. Backed by Coast’s lifetime guarantee against defects in materials and workmanship.

Language English
Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Lightening

INTRODUCTION

Sources of light can be vitally important in an emergency and a flashlight (aka torch) is often at the top of the list for supplies in disaster preparedness packs. A source of light is also very valuable for those areas of the world where there is no central power grid. Ashraf Ghani once described a light bulb in every kitchen as being one of the most transformative things that could be done in Afghanistan. Lighting can extend working hours and allow children to study after working during the day, and also help adults take care of the household and even run small businesses. Adequate lighting is also important for security, and must be a consideration when establishing camps, whether short-term or long-term refugee camps.

The lights needed after a disaster and the lights for developing world often have similar characteristics, and many products are now using renewable power sources such as solar or mechanical or combinations of the two. Many lights that have renewable energy supplies are also combined with radios and cell phone chargers.

To help and share knowledge, TIDES has put together a list of informative websites on artificial lighting and a list of companies that can provide the equipment.

Recent improvements in, and mass production of, LEDs (light emitting diodes) have had a huge effect on the industry, because LEDs use significantly less power than incandescent bulbs, though the costs often are higher. They also can be arranged in diverse configurations because of low heat output and other characteristics. Fluorescent (especially compact-type), halogen and krypton bulbs are still valuable and can be found in many products.

KEY RESOURCES

The Lumina Project (http://light.lbl.gov/light.html) is a great resource on lighting, run by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Their goal is “Cultivating Technologies and Markets for Affordable Low-Carbon Off-Grid Lighting in the Developing World.”

They have a number of features which we want to highlight here:

The Sphere Project (http://www.sphereproject.org). Artificial Lighting is considered a non-food-item (NFI) according to the Sphere standards, which are the common standards used by the international community, when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link. However, the standards are not specific for the lighting category. A recent revision is that Sphere has started pushing the use of light sources other than gas lanterns or candles, but Sphere has no specifications for lighting at camps, other than recommending that these put in place. We did pull this quote from one of the drafts available at their website.

Artificial lighting: lanterns or candles can provide familiar and readily sourced lighting, although the fire risk of using such items should be addressed, as well as battery-powered torches. Consider the use of energy efficient artificial lighting such as light-emitting diodes (LEDS) and the provision of photo-voltaic solar panels to generate localised electrical power sources.

OTHER RESOURCES

  • The following is a link to the Emergency Items catalog for the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (ICRC). This has descriptions of many of the products that the ICRC uses in disaster response situations. For Lighting look for Volume 1, then “Power Supply and Equipment” http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/#1_105
  • The UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) lays out its recommendations for placement of lighting in camps in their handbook here http://www.unhcr.org/publ/PUBL/471db4c92.html
  • The Portable Light Project creates new ways to provide renewable power in solar textiles that can be adapted to meet the needs of people in different cultures and global regions. Portable Light helps the world’s poorest people to create and own energy harvesting bags, blankets, and clothing using local materials and traditional weaving and sewing techniques in an open source model. http://portablelight.org/
  • These two articles from USAID’s publication Frontlines highlight some unique efforts in the developing world to make their own lights:

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists lighting solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

  • Solar-Powered
  • Mechanically Powered
  • Battery Powered
  • Large and Specialty use lighting systems (for airports, hospital, large camps, etc)

Outdoor equipment providers often have a large selection of flashlights available and provide the key characteristics on their webpage, such as bulb type, brightness (usually measured in lumens), battery life, weight, and other important factors to consider. If you are purchasing for your own disaster preparedness kit, try using some of these sites to compare products.

(TIDES does not endorse the above stores or products, nor are we responsible for their content or products.)

SOLAR-POWERED

Sollatek
http://www.sollatek.com
Bogolight
http://www.bogolight.com
Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
SunFire
http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115

MECHANICAL

Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
Megabrite Flashlights
http://megabriteflashlights.com
Garrity Flashlights
http://www.garritylites.com/page116.html
LifeGear
http://www.lifegearcompany.com/lighting.html
Coleman
http://www.coleman.com/coleman/ColemanCom/subcategory.asp?CategoryID=1140

BATTERY POWERED

Sollatek
http://www.sollatek.com
Sunnight Solar
http://www.sunnightsolar.com
Freeplay
http://www.freeplayenergy.com
TekTite
http://www.tek-tite.com
Litesafe
http://www.litesafe.org
Surefire
http://www.surefire.com/
Brunton
http://www.brunton.com/
Coleman
http://www.coleman.com/coleman/home.asp
Coast
http://www.coastportland.com/
LifeGear
http://www.lifegearcompany.com/lighting.html

LARGE/SPECIALTY USE

TekTite
Many types of personal flashlights, and lighting systems for signaling, temporary runways, etc.
http://www.tek-tite.com
Clark Masts Systems Limited
Company produces many types of telescoping masts that can be used to hold lighting systems.
http://www.clarkmasts.com
Portable Masts
Integrates many types of masts, lighting, and power systems for emergency use.
http://www.portablemasts.com.au
Setolite
This company out of Germany makes many lighting solutions for constructions and military uses, but this durability may be useful in disaster situations. They have a separate website for military lighting here – http://www.defence-products.com/Products_EN.HTML.
http://www.setolite.de
Novatech Lighting
Company focuses on lighting products for the emergency responder, such as Police, Fire, and Emergency medical services.
http://novatechlighting.com
Pelican
Numerous medium-sized LED solutions and LED flashlights.
http://www.pelican.com/lights_category_aalg.php
Carmanah Solar
Combines solar power and LED lighting for various applications including airports, marine, traffic, and general outdoor lighting.
http://www.carmanahsolar.com
Coast
http://www.coastportland.com/
Naps Systems
http://www.napssystems.com/

Sol, Inc.: Disaster Response Solar Lighting Systems (DRL)

SOL Inc’s Disaster Response Solar Light System provides off-grid and reliable solar powered LED lighting for fast deployment and dependable light. Reliable off-grid lighting allows disaster relief and recovery operations to operate 24 hours a day.

Disaster Response Solar Light (DRL)
Solar Powered LED Lighting System
Made in the USA by SOL®.

Language English

SOL, INC: Solar Powered Overhead Street Lighting (Designed for African Roadways))

IMPROVING LIVES AND COMMUNITIES WITH SOLAR LED LIGHTING FROM SOL
Approximately 90% of Africans do not have lighting. A proven solution is solar powered lighting.
Enhancing lives in the community
• Improves safety
• Improves commercial prosperity
• Increases socialization
• Reduces accidents, injuries and death
• Decreases migration from villages

Language English

Sol, Inc: 20/20™ & 10/10™ Lighting

THe TT Series is Sol’s latest state-of-the-art LED lighting system designed for large spaces such as parking lots and perimeter security areas. It delivers superior light performance in an architectural package that increases pole spacing, lighting uniformity and simplifies installation. The TT Series unified design incorporates a low profile LED luminaire (either a 10/10 or 20/20), light engine, PV assembly and pole that is powder coated your color choice.

Language English

Sirona Cares

Our Mission: To build sustainable communities.
The Sirona Cares Foundation (SCF) builds sustainable communities by addressing two of the most damaging and persistent patterns in the developing world: poverty and ecological destruction. Our pilot program, started in Haitian rural communities, establishes a stable economic base through jatropha farming, while supporting the health and education of children; this program is fully scalable and applicable to the great majority of countries in the developing world.

Language English

Coast – Emergency LED Lights

The Coast EAL20 LED Lantern has 9 high-quality LED’s which provide incredible brightness and energy efficiency, giving you up to 100 hours of runtime on one set of (4) D cell batteries (not included). Choose between flashing red, solid red, area light, and energy saving modes; or select your preferred light level with the built-in dimming switch. Backed by Coast’s lifetime guarantee against defects in materials and workmanship.

Language English
Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Integrated Cooking

INTRODUCTION

Food supply often represents the largest component of aid to stressed populations in post-disaster, post-conflict and generally impoverished situations. It is therefore important that it is properly usable. One crucial aspect of this is through the provision of sustainable innovation and technology for food preparation through integrated cooking mechanisms, which can be comprised of necessary combinations of solar energy, combustion stoves and retained heat.

In most areas, fuel is scarce (as can be seen in Haiti, Afghanistan and many refugee camps). Solar cooking sometimes can help, but sunlight is not always available. As a result, integrated cooking – a combination of solar ovens, high-efficiency stoves and retained heat baskets containing stones or bricks, can significantly (up to 75-90%) reduce fuel use compared to open-pit fires. If properly tied to other infrastructures, the heat used for cooking could sterilize water, and use of hot stones or bricks for heating could reduce public health risks from smoke inhalation from open fires, especially in shelters. Lowered fuel demand could mitigate deforestation, give people more time for non-fuel-gathering activities, and reduce security risks to gatherers.

KEY RESOURCES:

Which technology and energy source(s) are compatible with an emergency environment can best be determined by evaluating all contextual variables. Towards ensuring the most effective provision of power resources and innovation in post-disaster, post-conflict and impoverished conditions, STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable infrastructure that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs.

The Sphere Project www.sphereproject.org is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Nutrition is considered to be a “basic requirement” for sustaining the lives and dignity of stressed populations. Sphere provides detailed standards for minimal nutritional support within the humanitarian relief and assistance arena. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

OTHER RESOURCES:

Other helpful collections of integrated cooking solutions include:

Solar Cooking Archive Wiki
http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/Integrated_Cooking_Method
UNHCR, Cooking Options in Refugee Situations
http://www.sheltercentre.org/sites/default/files/UNHCR_CookingRefugeeSituations.pdf
Types of Solar Cooking
http://solarcooking.org/solarcooking-faq.htm
Center for Development of Solar Energy
http://www.cedesol.org/
Hedon Household Energy Network
http://www.hedon.info/index.htm
Haybox, Retained heat cooking Information Source
http://www.bioenergylists.org/stovesdoc/Design/haybox.html

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists lighting solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Solar
  • Combustion
  • Retained Heat
  • Consulting Services/How-to
  • Camp-stoves/ Other

Technical Considerations and planning factors common to integrated cooking solutions are:

Solar

Type
  • Panel
  • Box
  • Parabolic
  • Hybrid (solar/electric)
Material
  • Cardboard
  • Metal
  • Plastic
  • Glass and Metal
Cost
  • Low ($10 – $50)
  • High (>$50)
Weight
    • Low (<2 kg)
    • Medium (>2 kg-10kg)
    • High (>10 kg)
Cooking Temp
      • Low (<140 C) (panel cooker)
      • Medium (140C-180C) (box cooker)
      • High (>250C) (parabolic cooker
Capacity
      • One Small pot (<2 liters)
      • Two small pots (<2 liters)
      • Single Medium pot (>2 liters)
      • Two medium pots (>2 liters)
      • Large (> 6 liters)

Notes: For detailed information on all types of solar cookers go to the solar cooking archive.

Combustion:

A detailed USAID study provides the most recent evaluation of fuel-efficient stoves. The non-profit ETHOS also provides information and assessments on various fuel-efficient stoves available on the market and for local manufacture.

Retained heat:

There are currently no standards or published assessments on retained heat cookers, which can be made by stuffing a container with any insulating material (straw, grass, cloth) to surround a cooking pot with at least 10 cm of insulation on all sides. Approximate cooking times for simmering over a heat source and then sealing in a retained heat cooker are as follows:

FOOD SIMMERING TIME HAYBOX TIME
White Rice 5 min 1-2 hours
Brown Rice 10-15 min 2 hours
Potatoes (whole white) 5-10 min 1-2 hours
Creamed Soups 2 min 1 hour
Dried Beans (soaked) 10-15 min 3-4 hours
Meat Roast 20-30 min 3-5 hours

PROVIDERS (BY CATEGORY)

SOLAR

Solar Cookers International
http://solarcookers.org
Sun BD Corporation (Solar/electric hybrid)
http://www.sunbdcorp.com
Sun Ovens International, Inc.
http://www.sunoven.com
Solar Oven Society
http://www.solarovens.org
Soltac
http://www.solarovens.org
Solar Sizzler
http://www.solarsizzler.com
ClearDome Solar Thermal LLC
http://home.att.net/~cleardomesolar/parabolic.html
Seth Jones
http://www.josephprep.com/Provisions/Solar_Funnel/
Rainbow Power Company, Ltd.
http://www.rpc.com.au/catalog/solar-oven-cooker-190mm-p-2201.html
Sunfire Solutions
http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115
SUNSTOVE Solar Cookers
http://www.sungravity.com/sunstove.html
Small Power Systems
http://www.smallpowersystems.com
Solar Household Energy, Inc.
http://www.she-inc.org/hotpot.php

COMBUSTION

Rocket Stove
http://www.rocketstove.org
Wood/Gas Campstove
http://woodgas-stove.com
Sunfire Solutions
http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115
Thermette North America, Inc.
http://www.thermette.com/thermette_disaster_prep.htm
Kelly Kettles
http://www.kellykettle.com

RETAINED HEAT

The Solar Cooking Archive
http://solarcooking.org/heat-retention
Sunfire Solutions
http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115

CONSULTING SERVICES/ HOW-TO

Solar Cookers International
http://solarcookers.org
Rocket Stove
http://www.rocketstove.org

CAMP STOVE/ OTHER

Sierra
http://www.zzstove.com
Coleman
http://www.coleman.com
MSR
http://www.msrcorp.com
Jetboil
http://www.jetboil.com

Earthen Solar Cookers

The Earthen Solar Cooker is a low cost and low environmental impact design envisioned by Bart Orlando [1] for use by the poor in refugee camps and in villages of non-industrialized nations. The design is simple; a large parabolicly shaped hole in the ground lined with reflective materials such as salvaged pieces of broken glass mirror or reflective can lids.

Language English

Stove Tech- Deluxe Wood or Charcoal Metal Lined 2 Door Stove

In addition to the great features of the Eco Ceramic 2 Door, the Deluxe unit has a refectory metal liner in the chimney and fire chamber as well as an upper fuel door brick cover. This is our best selling unit offering the most features and versatility for your money. All two door stoves include a galvanized pot skirt, fuel feed grate and a secondary internal grate for charcoal use. Stove measures 11 x 12 1/2 @ 27 lbs.

Language English

Biolite Campstove

No fuel to buy or carry: Our stoves cook your meals with nothing but the twigs you collect on your journey, eliminating the need for heavy, expensive, polluting petroleum gas. Quick to light, fast to boil and easy to use.

Charge your gadgets: By converting heat from the fire into usable electricity, our stoves will recharge your phones, lights and other gadgets while you cook dinner.

Language English

Institutional Stove Solutions- 60 & 100 Liter Cookstove

highly efficient, multi-application, institutional cookstoves. Our stoves use 75 to 90 percent less fuel compared to an open fire. They are also clean-burning (reducing emissions by 90 percent) safe (cool enough to touch while in operation), portable, durable, and cost-effective. Our stoves operate on tiny amounts of biomass which can include wood or our sustainable biomass briquettes. Two or three kilograms of such fuel is enough to cook a full pot of food.

Language English

Babington Technologies- Mobile Kitchen Trailer

designed to  support the first responder’s primary mission – reacting quickly to contingency  disasters. Food cooked and served rapidly to the needy and hungry is  morale-boosting and a key logistical component of any first response.

Rapidly deployable. Our free-standing mobile kitchen is ready for C-130 transport, built to be pulled by a standard heavy-duty pickup, and designed for  fast setup and shutdown.

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Shelter

INTRODUCTION

Whether in post-disaster, post-conflict or general conditions of impoverishment, shelter is one of the most basic human needs. That said, determining data requirements can be daunting. Each environment requires a combination of shelter options to provide housing that serves multiple functions, including protection from the weather and other natural elements, provisions for varying numbers of residents and other context-specific needs based on the length of time the shelter is needed, transportability, energy efficiency, etc.

Meeting such environment and usage-specific shelter needs in rapid response and emergency situations can be difficult tasks especially in complex operations involving diverse military and civilian providers of aid and security. To encourage an effective mix of shelter solutions in post-disaster, post-conflict and impoverished conditions, STAR-TIDES is compiling information about technologies and infrastructures that may be used in various circumstances, and providing introductions to other information sources.

KEY RESOURCES

  • Architecture for Humanity (http://www.architectureforhumanity.org/about) is a nonprofit design services firm founded in 1999. Architecture for Humanity provides a range of design and construction administration services to partners and clients through a global network of design, development and construction professionals with local expertise and knowledge.
  • Shelter Centre (http://www.sheltercentre.org) is an international nonprofit organization devoted to the provision of resources and information regarding sustainable emergency shelter needs around the world. It supports the humanitarian community in its efforts to provide aid in post-conflict and post-disaster situations. To view the full database of providers, a free login/password is required. The website also has a listing of timely news and events regarding humanitarian shelter provision.
  • The Sphere Project (http://www.sphereproject.org) is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Shelter is considered to be a “basic requirement” for sustaining the lives and dignity of stressed populations. Sphere provides detailed standards for shelter development within the humanitarian relief and assistance arena. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

OTHER RESOURCES

The following is a list of other resources that provide helpful information about shelters:

Hexayurt Project

A long-term shelter option requiring limited resources and buildable by hand in post-conflict or post-disaster situations. The Hexayurt is an open-source design and can be made with a variety of components.

http://hexayurt.com/

Builders Without Borders

International network of ecological builders who advocate the use of straw, earth and other local, affordable materials in construction.

http://www.builderswithoutborders.org/

Natural Building Network

Non-profit association promoting natural building principles, materials and practitioners worldwide.

http://www.naturalbuildingnetwork.org

Humanitarian Bamboo

Project which aims to educate aid workers about bamboo construction.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/21153630/Humanitarian-Bamboo-a-manual-on-the-humanitarian- use-of-bamboo-in-Indonesia

Emergency Items Catalogue, ICRC 2009

The catalogue aims to standardize the selection and procurement of relief items during emergency situations.

http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/

Oxfam and IFRC’s Plastic Sheeting Field Guide

To educate aid workers about the use of plastic sheeting in emergencies.

http://www.plastic-sheeting.org/#GUIDELINES

UNHCR Handbook for Emergencies (see page 221)

Stresses the importance of pre-emergency planning as well as planning throughout a crisis.

http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/46a9e29a2.pdf

United Nations Tent manual

Guide to the use and logistics of family tents during humanitarian assistance.

http://www.plastic-sheeting.org/ref/tents.pdf

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists shelter solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Inflatable
  • Local materials (Sustainable/Renewable Buildings)
  • Rigid Structures
  • Tents
  • Tarps

Planning factors common to all shelter solutions are:

  • Climate conditions-Can it withstand hot, cold, wet, dry climates? To what limits of heat, cold, wind, rain, snow, etc. is it certified?
  • How long can it last under ultra violet (UV) exposure?
  • Can it be reassembled, mosquito netted, lined, etc?
  • Insulation- Is it UV treated? Is it resistant to wind, rain, insects?
  • Are materials reusable?
  • Operator training/difficulty of upkeep
  • Maintenance (man hours/day)
  • Is it cost effective?
  • Is it easy to assemble/Does it require specialized tools?
  • What is the shape and size?
  • Transportability: Can it be moved or dismantled easily?

INFLATABLE SHELTERS

List of Inflatable shelter providers:

Covertex

http://www.covertex.co.nz

J B Roche

http://www.jbroche.com

Mohab

http://www.mohab-air.com

Southern Inflatables

http://www.southerninflatables.net

LOCAL MATERIALS (REUSABLE/SUSTAINABLE SHELTERS)

List of local material providers:

California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture

http://calearth.org

Earthbag Building

http://www.earthbagbuilding.com

Hesco Bastion Ltd

http://www.hescobastion.com

Natural Building Network

http://nbnetwork.org/

OK OK OK Productions:

http://www.okokok.org

Strawbale

http://www.strawbale.com/

Tesinma

http://www.tesinma.com/shelter.html

RIGID STRUCTURES

List of rigid structure providers:

World Shelters

http://worldshelters.org/home

3S Scandinavian Shelter System

http://www.3sgroup.no

Aganto

http://www.aganto.co.uk

Corimec Italiana SPA

http://www.corimec.com

D&D FRB Inc

http://www.dnd-frb.com

Exup, Inc.

http://www.exupinc.com

Triangular Integrated Structures

http://www.DeployableGeoShelters.com

Koma Modular Construction

http://www.koma-modular-construction.czechtrade.us

ModSpace

http://www.modspace.com/services

Nuhcontainer

http://www.nuhcontainer.com

Octagon Europe Ltd

http://www.octagonEU.com

Profil Montage

http://www.profil-montage.se

Quick Quarters

http://www.quickquarters.com

Shelbox

http://www.shelbox.it

Sintex Industries

http://www.sintex-plastics.com

Spaciotempo

http://www.spaciotempo.co.uk

TPI Housing AB

http://www.tpihousing.se

Treyson

http://www.treysan.com.tr

Universal Building Solutions

http://www.ubsbuilding.com

Veldeman Group

http://www.veldemangroup.com

Kwikspace Modular Buildings Ltd.

http://www.kwikspace.co.za

Dynamic Shells

http://www.dynamicshells.com

Perfect Shelters

http://www.perfectshelters.com

PKL

http://www.pkl.co.uk

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

IADDIC

http://www.iaddicshelters.com

MilSys

http://www.milsys.co.uk

CAMSS Shelters- Portable Shelters
https://camss.com/

TENTS

List of tent providers:

World Shelters

http://worldshelters.org/home

Alaska Structures

http://www.alaskastructures.com

J B Roche

http://www.jbroche.com

Ably Shelters

http://www.tacticalshelters.com

IADDIC

http://www.iaddicshelters.com

Pacific Domes

http://www.PacificDomes.com

Shelter Systems

http://www.shelter-systems.com

Tesinma

http://www.tesinma.com/shelter.html

Element Domes

http://www.elementdomes.com

MilSys

http://www.milsys.co.uk

Hesco Bastion Ltd

http://www.hescobastion.com

Rubb Building Systems

http://www.rubb.com

Al Farooq Enterprise

http://www.sabritextiles.com

Albion Canvas

http://www.albioncanvas.co.uk

Alpinter

http://www.alpinter.com

Amrit Sales Corporation

http://www.amritsales.com

Atara Corporation

http://www.ataracorporation.com

Celina Tent

http://www.gettent.com

Chancel Internationa

http://www.chancelinternational.com/

City Textiles (PVT)

http://www.citytextile.com

EuroPlus

http://www.armytents.co.uk

Fra Angelico ltd

http://www.fra-angelico.co.uk

Giulio Barbieri

http://www.giuliobarbieri.it

HSNDS

http://www.dinsons.com

Lamifab Industries

http://www.lamifab.com

Mahavira Tents

http://www.mahaviratents.com

National Tent House

http://www.nationaltenthouse.com

O.R.T. Scientific Industrial Firm

http://www.sifort.co.za

Paramount Tarpaulin Industries

http://www.paramountpak.com

Pavel Šmic- Condor

http://www.spacaky.cz

Reltex

http://www.reltex.net

Rofi

http://www.rofi.no

Saeed Textile

http://www.saeedtextile.com.pk

SG Textiles

http://www.sgtextiles.com

Sharza

http://www.sharza.com

Worldwide Shelters

http://www.worldwideshelters.com

Rotary

http://www.shelterbox.org

Design Shelter, Inc.

http://www.designshelter.com

PKL

http://www.pkl.co.uk

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

HOMErgent

http://www.homergent.com

HousAll Systems

http://www.housall.com

Creative Tent International

http://creativetent.us/disaster-events.php

TARPS

List of tarp providers:

Tarpaflex

http://www.tarpaflex.com

SG Textiles

http://www.sgtextiles.com

Reltex

http://www.reltex.net

Paramount Tarpaulin Industries

http://www.paramountpak.com

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

Lamifab Industries

http://www.lamifab.com

HSNDS

http://www.dinsons.com

Shelter Systems

http://www.shelter-systems.com

Al Farooq Enterprise

http://www.sabritextiles.com

Albion Canvas

http://www.albioncanvas.co.uk

Arun Manufacturing

http://www.pefilms-tarps-ropes.com

Atara Corporation

http://www.ataracorporation.com

Chancel International

http://www.chancelinternational.com/

City Textiles (PVT)

http://www.citytextile.com

GigaHome

GigaHouse is a super insulated steel framed building system (steel is the most recycled material on earth) utilizing GigaPanel components and so energy efficient that it can exceed even ICF construction in thermal qualities. It is NOT a SIP’S panel. GigaCrete EPS panels utilize our patented structural steel stud connection system.

Language English

Braddock

“Braddock is the only rigid walled shelter system on the market that combines extreme deployability with the latest energy efficiency technologies. Deployed in a single shipping container, Braddock greatly decreases fossil fuel consumption (>70%) through its cutting edge and seamlessly integrated solar, battery, thermal efficiency, power management, and remote monitoring technologies. Uniquely, its modular design allows for tailored configurations for a variety of use cases and customers, and integrations of multiple systems into single temperature controlled structures.

Language English

Rapid Deployment Module

“The Visible Good RDM 9.14 is a hard walled, hard floored temporary building measuring approximately 9’w x 14’L x 9.5’t. The RDM has an insulating, raised floor (approx 6” off ground) that sits on adjustable height feet. The exterior walls are insulating hollow-core panels with locking windows and doors as shown. The roof and shade fly are fabric, supported by the main structure.
• The RDM ships in a single crate, the crate unfolds to become
the floor
• Main crate approximate size & weight: 3.5’w x 7.25’L x 3.5’t; 1340#

Language English

IGStructures – Barrack Style Lodging

IGS offers a green alternative to traditional block & concrete, petroleum and wood-based building materials. Our construction technology is easily expandable and accommodates a variety of sizes and designs – from residential housing to commercial and institutional structures and is adaptable to local cultures.
IGS structures can be shipped globally and can be assembled within days of arrival. All of our solutions meet national and international building codes.

Language English

E2S2 – Energy Efficient Shelter System

“Energy Efficient Shelters – Rigid Wall, 20 Ft expandable, Double sided fold out. The E2S2 represents the next generation of ISO container-based expandable shelters designed to maximize energy efficiency and provide ultimate flexibility in transport, deployment, and configuration. All Expandable Shelter Systems can be transported by air, land or sea. Shelters are ISO 1496-1 compliant and CSC certified for 9-high stacking.

Language English

Aspen Tent System

“The Aspen tent system series inflatable shelter is the most robust, weather resistant shelter offered in the market today. Its rapid inflation time, less than 6 minutes from deployment to installed and ready to use, makes this an ideal solution for either short or longer term installations.
Modular and configurable: Losberger TAG shelters are available in sizes ranging from 300 sqft up to 840 sqft. With a large range of available colours (orange, sand, nato green, & white) and optional accessories such as lighting, Heating/AC systems & electrical distribution.

Language English

Leading Edge Group Compressed Soil Block Machines

Leading Edge Group, Inc. is a San Antonio, Texas based firm that concentrates on the use of compressed soil blocks in military applications including urban training facilities as well as providing force protection in hostile, combat operational environments. The firm also supports humanitarian housing and commercial construction projects in underdeveloped countries around the world.

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Power

INTRODUCTION

Stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war and/or impoverished situations will likely experience a disruption in electric power. In many instances the infrastructure will be severely damaged, and alternative electrical power sources will be needed until the system can be restored. In other cases, where a population is displaced and is living in a temporary camp, electrical power will be needed for lights to provide security, heating or cooling the population, and to meet many other life support requirements that consume electrical power. Integrated, renewable and mobile energy solutions are key in providing sustainable support in development and reconstruction environments.

Many variables need to be considered in order to provide sustainable and self-sustaining power solutions for small and large scale operations in emergency environments. If there is no stable power grid, alternative solutions (derived from wind, solar, micro-hydro, hybrid, etc.) may be critical to survival or recovery. However, not every power provision suits all situations. The needs of individuals, resource availability and the integration of civil-military capabilities sharing in the scenario all play a role in determining the most fitting integrated approach to energy solutions.

KEY RESOURCES

STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable energy technologies and infrastructures that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs.

Other helpful collections of power and alternative energy solutions include:

  • The United Nations International Sustainable Energy Organization (UNISEO) at http://www.uniseo.org/. UNISEO provides a comprehensive collection of various alternative energy solutions, as well as pertinent information on policy, legal and other issues relating to energy.
  • The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) http://www.irena.org/ is an intergovernmental organization that works to promote the adoption of renewable energy. Created in 2009, IRENA consists of 137 member states and seeks to provide policy advice and aid in capacity building and the transfer of technology.
  • The International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE) http://www.inforse.org/ seeks to reduce poverty and help protect the environment by promoting sustainable and renewable energy solutions. The INFORSE website provides various resources, including a world-wide database of participating organizations, web-based information on EU policy and energy and climate resources for school programs.
  • The Sphere Project http://www.sphereproject.org is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community, when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Energy production is considered a non-food-item (NFI) according to the Sphere standards. Most of the guidance provided focuses on sustaining and collecting fuel, as it relates to cooking only. The standards appear to be lacking more detailed information on the use and sustainable nature of energy. However, TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

OTHER RESOURCES

The following is a list of other resources that provide helpful information on energy related issues within the emergency and disaster relief arena.

The World Electric Guide
The following link provides information on national electric grids and plugs.
http://www.kropla.com/electric2.htm
A United Nations Development Programme compendium (.pdf) of power supply items and other equipment suitable for emergency relief operations:
http://www.pacificdisaster.net/pdnadmin/data/original/UNDP_2009_emergency_relief_items.pdf
Key features and what to look for in portable generators:
http://www.consumersearch/portable-generators
Global policy information on renewable energy:
http://www.ren21.net
United Nations Military Civil Defense Assets (MCDA)
Includes a “power service module,” which provides information on services that “generate electricity for power supply to equipment and camp installations in support of humanitarian relief operations”
UNOCHA site URL
USAID Field Operations Guide for Disaster Assessment and Response
A good source of information on needs assessments:
http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/humanitarian_assistance/disaster_assistance/resources/pdf/fog_v4.pdf.
Electrochemical energy as a power source:
http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov
>A micro-hydro power source information repository:
http://microhydropower.net/index.php

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists power solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Solar
  • Microhydro
  • Wind
  • Electrochemical and Generators
  • Consulting Services

Planning factors common to all power solutions are:

  • Costs – initial set-up investment of unit, transportation and upkeep costs.
  • Output wattage (kW)
  • Frequency in hertz (Hz)
  • Voltage
  • Designated plug types available (A through M, based on the World Electric Guide)
  • Size of equipment – weight and dimensions of packaging and of fully deployed unit.
  • Upkeep requirements –attrition of parts? Are any materials reusable?
  • Number of operators required
  • Operator training/difficulty of upkeep
  • Maintenance (man hours/day)
  • Environmental considerations – i.e. minimum hours of sunlight exposure?

SOLAR POWER

List of solar powered equipment providers:

UnatSolar
http://www.unatsolar.eu
Sollatek
http://www.sollatek.com
Global Solar Energy, Inc.
http://www.globalsolar.com
SolarStik
http://www.solarstik.com
Carmanah Technologies Corporation
http://www.carmanah.com
Nanosolar
http://nanosolar.com
Stirling Energy Systems
http://www.stirlingenergy.com
Skypower
http://www.skypower.com
International Automated Systems, Inc.
http://www.iaus.com
Tessera Solar
http://www.tesserasolar.com
Silicon Solar Inc.
http://www.siliconsolar.com/portable-solar-power-systems.html
SUNRNR of Virginia, Inc.
http://www.sunrnr.com
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
http://sesa.af
Power Up Co.
http://www.powerupco.com
Shift Power Solutions
http://www.shiftpowersolutions.com
Coyle Industries
http://www.coyleindustries.com
WorldWater and Solar Technologies INC
http://www.worldwatersolar.com/
Next Wave Solutions, LLC
http://www.nextwavesys.com

MICRO-HYDRO POWER

List of micro-hydro powered equipment providers:

HydroCoil Power, Inc.
http://www.hydrocoilpower.com
International Automated Systems, Inc.
http://www.iaus.com
Vortex Hydro Energy
http://www.vortexhydroenergy.com
Energy Systems & Design, Ltd.
http://www.microhydropower.com/
Bourne Energy
http://www.bourneenergy.com/
Hydro Green Energy
http://www.hgenergy.com/
Run of the River Power
http://www.runofriverpower.com/
Ing Arveid Nesheim
http://www.anwsite.com/
OGI, LLC.
http://www.greenpelton.com/index.html

WIND POWER

List of wind powered equipment providers:

Parafold Towers
http://www.parafold.com
Skypower
http://www.skypower.com
Humdinger Wind Energy, LLC
http://www.humdinger.com
Silicon Solar Inc.
http://www.siliconsolar.com/wind-energy-products.html
Windspire by Mariah Power
http://www.mariahpower.com/windspire-overview.aspx
WindTronics
http://www.earthtronics.com/honeywell.aspx
Helix Wind
http://www.helixwind.com/en/
Green Wavelength
http://www.greenwavelength.com
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
http://sesa.af
Power Up Co.
http://www.powerupco.com
Shift Power Solutions
http://www.shiftpowersolutions.com/pages/company.html
SolarStik
http://www.solarstik.com

ELECTROCHEMICAL (FUEL CELL) POWER AND GENERATORS

List of electrochemical powered equipment and generator providers:

ABSL Power Solutions
http://www.abslpower.com
Titan Energy Worldwide, Inc.
http://www.titanenergysystems.com
Fuel Cells UK
http://www.fuelcellsuk.org/
SUNRNR of Virginia, Inc.
http://www.sunrnr.com
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
http://sesa.af
Kohler
http://www.kohlerpower.com/index.htm
Honda Power Equipment
http://www.hondapowerequipment.com/products/Generators/

CONSULTING, NGOS AND OTHER REPOSITORIES

List of providers of consulting services:

3TIER, Inc.
http://www.3tier.com/en
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
http://sesa.af
Fuel Cells UK
http://www.fuelcellsuk.org
Energy for Opportunity
http://www.energyforopportunity.org
Energy Planet – Renewable Energy Directory
http://www.energyplanet.info/
Solar Aid
http://solar-aid.org/projects/

Ti Soley Solar Charging System

The Ti Soley system is the most rapid way to provide basic electricity in off-grid locations. The system includes a 1.5kW solar charging station and 100 portable Ti Soley battery packs that provide light and cell phone charging (either DC or with USB port). The packs are carried to their destination and when the energy is depleted they are carried back to the solar station for recharging. Using one light the kit lasts 30 hours. Recharges are typically every 3-5 days.

Language English

SunDial SmartPower

SunDial SmartPower is mobile power generator that uses solar panels and batteries, and can synch with a diesel generator. SunDial SmartPower systems are ideal for remote locations that are off-grid. Sundial SmartPower systems provide micro-grids that can manage power supply to efficiently meet demand. SunDial SmartPower can also be monitored remotely.

Language English

SC 1500

The SC Series is a stand-alone, off-grid system designed for multiple uses. As a standard they include
1,500/2,400/3,000/4,200 watts of solar PV, pole mounted, with DC output and 336-504 amp hours
worth of battery power at 24 volts. These systems are fully customizable for any application off the grid.

Language English

Sun Commander 8000

Sun Commander Series 8000 is a solar PV mobile electric generator with on-grid and off-grid capabilities. Can accommodate a variety of battery configuration and types of batteries to meet a wide range of needs. Can provide a variety of output options ranging from 208, 240, 480 single phase to three phase. Plug and play 2-60amp, 2-40 single plug standard 49kWh as standardly equipped

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Sanitation

INTRODUCTION

A lack of sanitation services can quickly spread disease in refugee camps and under-developed communities. Alternatively, with proper sanitation technology, residents have more healthful living standards, increasing well-being, quality of life and the community’s social and economic development.

KEY RESOURCES

In the pursuit of sanitation and other survival necessities for stressed populations, STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information on inexpensive, sustainable infrastructure that can be supplied to development areas/emergency situations with minimal transportation costs.

A Dutch non-profit organization named AKVO has created a website (www.akvo.org) that is a great resource for individuals, government officials, and NGOs seeking information on sustainable solutions to typical sanitation (and water) problems.

AKVO also catalogues numerous sustainable solutions to typical development scenarios/emergency situations in its online encyclopedia named akvopedia. In the section for sanitation, they categorize available sanitation methods by:

  • Toilet Facilities
  • Collection & Storage
  • Conveyance
  • Centralized Treatment
  • Use of Products/Disposal

All sanitation devices listed have a description, picture, and information on various pros and cons. AKVO has a comparable detailed portal of sanitation and water resources.

In addition, the akvopedia site has a section labeled, Organizations Portal that divides organizations interested in water/sanitation into: NGOs, government organizations, knowledge and research organizations, funding organizations and commercial companies. Each listing has a URL to follow.

Also on akvopedia is an Approach Portal that helps walk through:

  • Product/service development (how to decide if a technology or business plan is appropriate, sustainable, etc
  • Service delivery approaches (community controlled vs. private enterprise, etc.)
  • Financing
  • Promotion/Demand stimulation (use of media and market development), and
  • Support systems/Enabling environment (legislation, public-private partnerships, etc.)

In sum, by going to the Akvopedia page, any individual or organization requiring sanitation resources can:

  • customize a program by choosing from the various options under the sanitation portal categories to suit their individual needs.
  • Identify other organizations that could might have mutual interests, and
  • Get ideas about business models, financing, technical assistance, etc.

The Sphere Project www.sphereproject.org is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Sanitation is considered to be a “basic requirement” for sustaining the lives and dignity of stressed populations. Sphere provides detailed standards for proper sanitation within the humanitarian relief and assistance arena. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

OTHER RESOURCES

Other helpful organizations are:

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Equipment Providers

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists lighting solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

  • Individual/Household Use
  • Larger Technologies
  • Consulting Services

INDIVIDUAL OR HOUSEHOLD USE PRODUCTS (SHORT-TERM)

Quake Kare, Inc.
http://www.quakekare.com/index.asp?PageAction=VIEWCATS&Category=10
CleanWaste(PETT)
http://www.gocleanwaste.com/
Pee Poople
http://www.peepoople.com/

LARGER/TRANSPORTABLE TECHNOLOGIES

Safe-Sanit
http://www.safesanit.com/
EcoSan
http://www.ecosan.co.za/
Dri-Let Waste Processor
http://www.drilet-america.com/
Clip-Lok
http://www.clip-lok.com/en/News-of-returnable-boxes/The-Dual-Purpose-Box/

CONSULTING SERVICES

Sulabh International
http://www.sulabhinternational.org/
Bush Proof
http://www.bushproof.biosandfilter.org
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor
http://www.wsup.com/

Go Fresh Water Bottle

600ml volume plastic bottle utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99%of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The filter also has activated carbon resin to remove taste odours and heavy metals. Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 1500lt of water, and the carbon filter has the capacity to filter up to 500lts of water.

Language English

Go Fresh Water Straw

“A small straw utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99% of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The filter also has activated carbon resin to remove taste, odours and heavy metals. Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 1500lt of water, and the carbon filter has the capacity to filter up to 500lts of water. The straw also has the provision to screw onto a standard water bottle.”

Language English

GoFreshWater

“A 20Lt capacity Jerrycan utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99% of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 100,000lt of water.
Simply fill the Jerrycan with water and utilising the internal Hand pump, pump the water out through the jerrycan tap.”

Language English

SureAqua Bottle

SureAquaBottle is a high tech, tested and approved water purification system that removes 99.9999% of waterborne bacteria, 99.99% of viruses including Pseudomonas, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus and Fecal Coliforms, plus parasitic contamination by Cryptosporidium, and Giardia. It provides you and your family with the confidence of knowing you can have safe drinking water anywhere around the world from tap water, ice in drinks, lakes, and streams, on aircraft, shipboard, trains, hotels, parks and more.

Language English

Field Shield

“IHS directs the Roddenberry Foundation’s Global Disaster Response Team (that’s the philanthropic arm of the Star Trek franchise, created by Gene Roddenberry). We have developed, with Puralytics Corporation of Portland, Oregon, plus our collaboration partners the US Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, and the NetHope Consortium of NGOs, a small, low-power water reclamation unit for remote and austere environments.

Language English

Aspen Water Kit

“Portable, water purification kit
/3.8 liters per minute of safe drinking water from fresh water sources: wells, lakes, ponds, rivers or floodwaters.
Powered by any 12-volt DC current that can be supplied from Aspen Power Kit or vehicle power source
Production @ 2 Gallons (7.5 liters) per minute of safe drinking water from fresh water sources: wells, lakes, ponds, rivers or flood waters.
Disinfection > 99.99% Kill Rate
Watertight storage/transport case: 21.20″” x 16.00″” x 10.60″” (L x W x H)
Weight: 26.5 lbs / 12 kg
Easy Filter Change

Language English

Expedition

3-Liter water bladder with integrated forward osmosis filtration. 2-chamber design, so can be used with potable or non-potable water. Filtration purity is very high (reverse osmosis level) and clog-resistant so can be used with the widest range of water sources.

Language English

Expeditionary Water Purification System

The CAVE Systems Rapid Deployment Expeditionary Water Purification System is a lightweight, compact and rapidly deployable expeditionary system that provides a continuous high volume supply of drinking water. It requires no external power for the purification process. The entire system can be deployed inside one-half of a Tricon container. The basic system can purify from almost any non-saline water source: river water; lake water; canals; agricultural run-off; drainage ditches; pond water; bore holes; storm water; etc.

Language English

MSR Sentinel Purifier

“Cascade Designs’ Sentinel Purifier utilizes the latest in hollow fiber membrane technology and packed bed sorbent media to remove a broad spectrum of microbiological and chemical waterborne contaminants. Its ergonomic design, compact size, mission specific modularity and tool-free maintainability make it highly appropriate for purifying water on the battlefield. Add a filtration rate of over 700 mL per minute and you have one of the most effective single-pass water purifiers ever created.

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Water

INTRODUCTION

Clean water is essential to human survival in all environments. This is especially true for stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war, and/or impoverished situations. Since lack of water is one of the principal causes of death among refugee populations and a reliable source of water is needed for community development, the provision of clean drinking water is a crucial task not only for emergency responders but also for development planners. Water collection, storage, treatment, and transportation analysis must be conducted.

KEY RESOURCES

STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable infrastructure that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs. Towards this end, a Dutch non-profit organization named Akvo has created a website (www.akvo.org) that is a great resource for individuals, government officials, and NGOs seeking information on sustainable solutions to typical water (and sanitation) problems.

Akvo.org also catalogues numerous sustainable solutions to typical development problems and emergency situations in its online encyclopedia named akvopedia. In the portal for water, it exhaustively lists available technologies for:

  • sourcing
  • lifting and distribution
  • storage and recharge
  • treatment & testing
  • use of water

All water treatment and water supply devices that are listed have a description, picture, and information on various pros and cons. There is a comparably detailed portal for sanitation.

In addition, the akvopedia site has a section labeled Organizations Portal that divides organizations interested in water/sanitation into: NGOs, government organizations, knowledge and research organizations, funding organizations and commercial companies. Each listing has a URL to follow.

Also on akvopedia is an Approaches Portal that helps walk through:

  • Product/service development (how to decide if a technology or business plan is appropriate, sustainable, etc
  • Service delivery approaches (community controlled vs. private enterprise, etc.)
  • Financing
  • Promotion/Demand stimulation (use of media and market development), and
  • Support systems/Enabling environment (legislation, public-private partnerships, etc.)

In sum, by going to the Akvopedia page, an individual or organization requiring water resources can:

  • Customize a water program by choosing from the various options under the water portal categories to suit their individual needs.
  • Identify other organizations that could might have mutual interests, and
  • Get ideas about business models, financing, technical assistance, etc.

OTHER RESOURCES

Other helpful organizations (not yet listed on the Akvo portal) are:

Aquaya Institute

They focus on reducing the global burden of waterborne disease across three fields: technological development, delivery models, and impact measurement. Specifically see their work on water refill business-in-a-box that can help small businesses deliver safe water. http://www.aquaya.org

Lifewater International

A Christian non-profit organization supporting the empowerment of communities in developing countries to gain safe water, sanitation and personal hygiene. http://www.lifewater.org

Safewater network

Founded by a group of passionate and globally-minded business and civic leaders and philanthropists, Safe Water Network brings together philanthropy, academia and the private and public sectors to develop, optimize, validate, and implement viable water solutions that provide safe drinking water to the world’s poor.

http://www.safewaternetwork.org

Global Water Challenge

“…A coalition of 24 leading organizations creating a global movement of transformational change around water and sanitation. GWC focuses on collaborative learning, connecting leaders, and investing in sustainable, scalable and replicable projects.”

http://www.globalwaterchallenge.org/home/

WaterAid

An international charity organization working towards the universal provision of safe and clean drinking water.

http://www.wateraid.org/

Global Water Fund

“…a Global Water Consultancy that provides solutions to government and business with regard to the growing global water crisis. The Global Water Fund facilitates partnerships between senior government officials and the business community in order to achieve commitments and action towards vital water resources.”

http://www.globalwaterfund.com/home_page.html

The Sphere Project

When providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations, The Sphere Project is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community. Water and sanitation are considered to be “critical determinants for survival” in the minimum standards of disaster response, and so meeting these needs is particularly important. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in humanitarian and relief operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

http://www.sphereproject.org

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Technical Considerations and planning factors common to water solutions are:

There are several variables that need to be considered before choosing an appropriate water technology. The most basic considerations that are relevant in all different environments are below:

Sources

  • Wells
  • Fog Water Collection
  • Surface Water
  • Rainwater Harvesting
  • Springwater

Lifting and Distribution

  • Hand Pumps
  • Powered Pumps
  • Gravity Distribution

Storage and Recharge

  • Storage of Harvested Rainwater
  • Tank or Bladder
  • Groundwater—Sand Dam
  • Groundwater–recharge

Treatment

  • Filter (micro, ultra, nano)
  • Chemical Treatment
  • Boiling/Pasteurization
  • Solar/UV Disinfectant
  • Reverse Osmosis
  • Large Scale Commercial system

Use of Water

  • Irrigation
  • Pond Farming
  • Sanitation
  • Drinking

Cost

  • Upfront (Largest Model)
  • Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Largest)
  • Upfront (Smallest Model)
  • Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Smallest)

EQUIPMENT PROVIDERS (BY CATEGORY)

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists shelter solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Individual or Household Use Filtration Projects
  • Large Group Use Filtration Projects
  • Chemical Applications/Projects
  • Testing and Instrumentation
  • Storage/Pump Products

Individual or household use filtration projects/product

Mirage Water Maker

http://www.miragewatermaker.com/

CHB Infrastructure, Technology and Marketing Group, LLC.

http://www.chb-tech.com/

Lifesaver USA

http://www.lifesaverusa.com/index.htm

LifeStraw

http://www.vestergaard-frandsen.com/lifestraw.htm

Scan Water

http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?katid=1

ElementFour – Watermill

http://www.elementfour.com

  1. David Company

http://www.bdavidwater.com/Products.html

TATA Swach

http://www.tataswach.com/

SteriPEN

http://www.steripen.com/

Aquagenex

http://www.aquagenex.com/

Pure Hydration

http://www.bwtechnologies.com/

Seldon Technologies

http://www.seldontechnologies.com/

Vestergaard Frandsen

http://www.vestergaard-frandsen.com/lifestraw.htm

MobilePower International

http://www.mobilepowerintl.com/

MSR

http://www.cascadedesigns.com

Hyflux

http://www.hyfluxconsumer.com

 

Life Giving Force Family Water Products

http://www.lifegivingforce.com/lgf-rr-series

 

Large group use filtration projects/products

JOSAB International AB

http://www.josab.com

Global Water Group, Inc.

http://www.globalwater.com

Mobile Power International

http://www.mobilepowerintl.com/products.html

World Water Solutions

http://worldwatersolutions.com/index.php

Air-Water Corporation

http://www.airwatercorp.com/

World Water and Solar Technologies

http://www.worldwatersolar.com/

Trunz Water Systems

http://www.trunzwatersystems.com/

LMS World Water Treatment

http://www.lms-water.com/fr/accueil.php

Cardinal Resources

http://www.cardinalres.com/index.html

PlayPumps International

http://blog.playpumps.org/how-the-playpump-system-works/

Spectra Water Makers

http://www.spectralandbased.com

Meckow

http://www.meckow-international.com

Norcan Water Resources

http://www.norcanwater.com/index.html

Conteno

http://www.conteno.com

Chemical applications/products

Reltex APAICS Water Programme (Bacsan)

http://www.aipacs.com/reltex_aipacs_water_programme/s/1775d8fdf8e55435195ef97b3495a952

Hydrachem

http://www.hydrachem.co.uk/

Aquatabs

http://www.aquatabs.com/

Water Development Program

http://www.waterdevelopmentprogram.org

Potable Aqua

http://www.potableaqua.com/index.shtml

Solar Solutions

http://www.solarsolutions.info/main.html

Chlor-Floc

http://www.campingsurvival.com/milwatpurtab.html

North Star Devices, Inc.

http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/North_Star_Devices

Developed by Dale Andreatta

http://solarcooking.org/pasteurization/puddle.htm

Safe Water Systems

http://www.safewatersystems.com

Foundations/ Research Groups

Cardinal Resources

http://www.cardinalres.com/index.html

Play Pump – for Kids

http://blog.playpumps.org/home/

Global Water Challenge

http://www.globalwaterchallenge.org/home/

WaterAid

http://www.wateraid.org/

Global Water Fund

http://www.globalwaterfund.com/home_page.html

Solar Powered Water Systems, assistance

http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115

Testing and Instrumentation

Global Water Instrumentation

http://www.globalw.com/

Global Water Group

http://www.globalwater.com/

Innovative Water Technologies

http://www.innovativeh2o.com/productSunspring.htm

Storage/pump products

Scan Water

http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=76 and http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=95

Q Drum

http://www.qdrum.co.za/

Safe Water Systems

http://www.safewatersystems.com

  •  

 

 

 

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2015 TIDES Demo Exhibitors (As of 2 October 2015)

Register to exhibit or attend at the TIDES Demo: https://tidesdemo15.eventbrite.com

This year’s #TIDESDemo15 theme is: Building Resilience: Preparing for Man Made and Natural Disasters

Infrastructure Company Website
CBRN Air Boss defense http://airbossdefense.com
Cooking Solar Cookers International www.solarcookers.org
Cooking Solar Household Energy, Inc. http://www.she-inc.org/
ICT National Library of Medicine, Disaster Information Management Research Center http://dimrc.nlm.nih.gov
ICT ADDC, Inc. http://www.addc.net
ICT Defense Group Inc/ COBRA Software http://www.cobra2020.com
ICT FED-COMM http://www.whiteoakresource.com/
ICT GATR Technologies http://www.gatr.com
ICT goTenna http://www.gotenna.com
ICT Humanitas Solutions http://www.humanitas.io
ICT Immediate Response Technologies http://imresponse.com
ICT Inmarsat Government http://inmarsatgov.com
ICT Integral Mind Technologies http://www.intmind.com
ICT KSI Data Sciences, LLC http://www.ksidatasciences.com
ICT Lyman Communications http://www.lymancom.com
ICT Thuraya http://thuraya.com
ICT Van Cleve & Associates, Inc. http://www.vcasecurity.com
ICT WebFirst http://webfirst.com
ICT what3words http://w3w.co
ICT Base Camp Connect http://www.basecampconnect.com
ICT Mobil Satellite Technologies http://www.mobilsat.com
ICT Vital Alert www.vitalalert.com
ICT/Medical Medweb http://www.medweb.com
Medical Eniware, LLC http://eniwaresterile.com
Medical Pathogend www.pathogend.com
Medical Emergency Smart Pod (USAID Ebola Grand Challenge Winner) http://www.ebolagrandchallenge.net/ebola-smart-pod
Power Gridless Power http://www.gridless.com
Power Solar Stik http://www.solarstik.com
Power Standard Brands UK LTD http://www.zipmilitaryfuel.com
Power ZeroBase Energy http://thezerobase.com
Power/Shelter Energy Technologies, Inc. http://tacticalpower.com
Power/Lighting NRS International www.nrs-international.com
Power/Lighting/Heating Center for Technology Management www.ImageImpactinc.com
Power/
Transportation
Hybrid Pedals http://www.hybridpedals.com/
Sanitation Toilets for People http://toiletsforpeople.com
Shelter Air Boss defense http://airbossdefense.com
Shelter Cmax system
Shelter Humanihut Pty Ltd http://humanihut.com
Shelter Modula S Inc http://www.modula-s.com
Shelter Reaction Housing http://reactionhousing.com
Shelter DecaDome http://www.decadome.com/
Shelter ShelterBox http://shelterboxusa.org
Water AFM-USA Inc.
Water Aquamira http://aquamira.com
Water Calylym Technologies Inc. http://caylym.com/en/
Water DayOne Response Inc. http://www.dayoneresponse.com
Water Danxia Water Systems, LLC http://www.danxiasupply.com/
Water Solar Solution LLC http://www.solarcleanwatersolution.com/
Water WorldWater & Solar Technologies http://worldwatersolar.com
Water Ecovita/Ecowaters http://www.ecovita.net
Water ASPEN Water http://aspenwater.com
Aid Organization/
Water/Sanitation/ Lighting
Business Connect http://www.Businessconnectworld.com
Other Global Development Lab, USAID www.usaid.gov/globaldevlab
Other/Health MoBell Muscle www.MoBellMuscle.com
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DisasterAWARE Demo

By Jackie Faselt and Scotty Davids

In the wake of a disaster or in the midst of humanitarian aid efforts, the uninterrupted flow of geospatial information is essential to all responders. Pacific Disaster Center (PDC) has developed and improved a technology which enables collaboration between response organizations. When an organization receives information from either voice, phone, or radio, they are able to input the information into a database. From there, response organizations can interpret where the greatest need is, how the supplies can be transported the quickest, and where the relevant assets are. The PDC has continued to improve upon this technology, and they are now making a transition to a new interface: DisasterAWARE.

CTNSP was invited to a discussion and demonstration of ROGUE (rapid open geospatial user-driven enterprise)/GeoSHAPE Transition to PDC’s DisasterAWARE. The new platform was created through collaboration between The PDC, Department of State Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU), and US Army Corps of Engineer Research and Development Center, Noblis, and Boundless. DisasterAWARE aims to ease the sharing of GIS data and allow for greater situational awareness for responding officials.GeoSHAPE

DisasterAWARE integrates multi-hazard monitoring with automatic modeling and historical data archives to create an early alert system for natural disasters. After a disaster occurs, the platform allows for interagency information sharing through alerts, situation reports, and damage assessments. DisasterAWARE will include pre-existing tools from GeoSHAPE that consist of a mobile application (Arbiter), a geospatial portal (GeoNode), and a web mapping client (MapLoom). Current users of the platform include the DoD, FEMA, USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), American Red Cross, Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), and many foreign governments including Indonesia and the Philippines. A public version of DisasterAWARE called ATLAS is available to the public and has many of the same features.

New features of DisasterAWARE, included an android supported application that could support data import from the field, which could then be synced to the platform once connected to the internet. The platform also tracks the history of every edit made to the map. That way, each map layer contains who provided the data and shows when and where the changes are made. Additionally, the application allows users to set up groups with different editing permissions.

DisasterAWARE and other similar crisis mapping platforms have the potential to lower the barrier to entry of sharing information in a post-disaster setting. This method of information organization is already being pursued by the DoD, and there may be expanding applications for other types of security threats. The development of DisasterAWARE is an inspiring example of a public-private partnership, a core value of the STAR-TIDES network.

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