Water

INTRODUCTION

Clean water is essential to human survival in all environments. This is especially true for stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war, and/or impoverished situations. Since lack of water is one of the principal causes of death among refugee populations and a reliable source of water is needed for community development, the provision of clean drinking water is a crucial task not only for emergency responders but also for development planners. Water collection, storage, treatment, and transportation analysis must be conducted.

KEY RESOURCES

STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable infrastructure that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs. Towards this end, a Dutch non-profit organization named Akvo has created a website (www.akvo.org) that is a great resource for individuals, government officials, and NGOs seeking information on sustainable solutions to typical water (and sanitation) problems.

Akvo.org also catalogues numerous sustainable solutions to typical development problems and emergency situations in its online encyclopedia named akvopedia. In the portal for water, it exhaustively lists available technologies for:

  • sourcing
  • lifting and distribution
  • storage and recharge
  • treatment & testing
  • use of water

All water treatment and water supply devices that are listed have a description, picture, and information on various pros and cons. There is a comparably detailed portal for sanitation.

In addition, the akvopedia site has a section labeled Organizations Portal that divides organizations interested in water/sanitation into: NGOs, government organizations, knowledge and research organizations, funding organizations and commercial companies. Each listing has a URL to follow.

Also on akvopedia is an Approaches Portal that helps walk through:

  • Product/service development (how to decide if a technology or business plan is appropriate, sustainable, etc
  • Service delivery approaches (community controlled vs. private enterprise, etc.)
  • Financing
  • Promotion/Demand stimulation (use of media and market development), and
  • Support systems/Enabling environment (legislation, public-private partnerships, etc.)

In sum, by going to the Akvopedia page, an individual or organization requiring water resources can:

  • Customize a water program by choosing from the various options under the water portal categories to suit their individual needs.
  • Identify other organizations that could might have mutual interests, and
  • Get ideas about business models, financing, technical assistance, etc.

OTHER RESOURCES

Other helpful organizations (not yet listed on the Akvo portal) are:

Aquaya Institute

They focus on reducing the global burden of waterborne disease across three fields: technological development, delivery models, and impact measurement. Specifically see their work on water refill business-in-a-box that can help small businesses deliver safe water. http://www.aquaya.org

Lifewater International

A Christian non-profit organization supporting the empowerment of communities in developing countries to gain safe water, sanitation and personal hygiene. http://www.lifewater.org

Safewater network

Founded by a group of passionate and globally-minded business and civic leaders and philanthropists, Safe Water Network brings together philanthropy, academia and the private and public sectors to develop, optimize, validate, and implement viable water solutions that provide safe drinking water to the world’s poor.

http://www.safewaternetwork.org

Global Water Challenge

“…A coalition of 24 leading organizations creating a global movement of transformational change around water and sanitation. GWC focuses on collaborative learning, connecting leaders, and investing in sustainable, scalable and replicable projects.”

http://www.globalwaterchallenge.org/home/

WaterAid

An international charity organization working towards the universal provision of safe and clean drinking water.

http://www.wateraid.org/

Global Water Fund

“…a Global Water Consultancy that provides solutions to government and business with regard to the growing global water crisis. The Global Water Fund facilitates partnerships between senior government officials and the business community in order to achieve commitments and action towards vital water resources.”

http://www.globalwaterfund.com/home_page.html

The Sphere Project

When providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations, The Sphere Project is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community. Water and sanitation are considered to be “critical determinants for survival” in the minimum standards of disaster response, and so meeting these needs is particularly important. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in humanitarian and relief operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

http://www.sphereproject.org

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Technical Considerations and planning factors common to water solutions are:

There are several variables that need to be considered before choosing an appropriate water technology. The most basic considerations that are relevant in all different environments are below:

Sources

  • Wells
  • Fog Water Collection
  • Surface Water
  • Rainwater Harvesting
  • Springwater

Lifting and Distribution

  • Hand Pumps
  • Powered Pumps
  • Gravity Distribution

Storage and Recharge

  • Storage of Harvested Rainwater
  • Tank or Bladder
  • Groundwater—Sand Dam
  • Groundwater–recharge

Treatment

  • Filter (micro, ultra, nano)
  • Chemical Treatment
  • Boiling/Pasteurization
  • Solar/UV Disinfectant
  • Reverse Osmosis
  • Large Scale Commercial system

Use of Water

  • Irrigation
  • Pond Farming
  • Sanitation
  • Drinking

Cost

  • Upfront (Largest Model)
  • Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Largest)
  • Upfront (Smallest Model)
  • Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Smallest)

EQUIPMENT PROVIDERS (BY CATEGORY)

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists shelter solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Individual or Household Use Filtration Projects
  • Large Group Use Filtration Projects
  • Chemical Applications/Projects
  • Testing and Instrumentation
  • Storage/Pump Products

Individual or household use filtration projects/product

Mirage Water Maker

http://www.miragewatermaker.com/

CHB Infrastructure, Technology and Marketing Group, LLC.

http://www.chb-tech.com/

Lifesaver USA

http://www.lifesaverusa.com/index.htm

LifeStraw

http://www.vestergaard-frandsen.com/lifestraw.htm

Scan Water

http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?katid=1

ElementFour – Watermill

http://www.elementfour.com

  1. David Company

http://www.bdavidwater.com/Products.html

TATA Swach

http://www.tataswach.com/

SteriPEN

http://www.steripen.com/

Aquagenex

http://www.aquagenex.com/

Pure Hydration

http://www.bwtechnologies.com/

Seldon Technologies

http://www.seldontechnologies.com/

Vestergaard Frandsen

http://www.vestergaard-frandsen.com/lifestraw.htm

MobilePower International

http://www.mobilepowerintl.com/

MSR

http://www.cascadedesigns.com

Hyflux

http://www.hyfluxconsumer.com

 

Life Giving Force Family Water Products

http://www.lifegivingforce.com/lgf-rr-series

 

Large group use filtration projects/products

JOSAB International AB

http://www.josab.com

Global Water Group, Inc.

http://www.globalwater.com

Mobile Power International

http://www.mobilepowerintl.com/products.html

World Water Solutions

http://worldwatersolutions.com/index.php

Air-Water Corporation

http://www.airwatercorp.com/

World Water and Solar Technologies

http://www.worldwatersolar.com/

Trunz Water Systems

http://www.trunzwatersystems.com/

LMS World Water Treatment

http://www.lms-water.com/fr/accueil.php

Cardinal Resources

http://www.cardinalres.com/index.html

PlayPumps International

http://blog.playpumps.org/how-the-playpump-system-works/

Spectra Water Makers

http://www.spectralandbased.com

Meckow

http://www.meckow-international.com

Norcan Water Resources

http://www.norcanwater.com/index.html

Conteno

http://www.conteno.com

Chemical applications/products

Reltex APAICS Water Programme (Bacsan)

http://www.aipacs.com/reltex_aipacs_water_programme/s/1775d8fdf8e55435195ef97b3495a952

Hydrachem

http://www.hydrachem.co.uk/

Aquatabs

http://www.aquatabs.com/

Water Development Program

http://www.waterdevelopmentprogram.org

Potable Aqua

http://www.potableaqua.com/index.shtml

Solar Solutions

http://www.solarsolutions.info/main.html

Chlor-Floc

http://www.campingsurvival.com/milwatpurtab.html

North Star Devices, Inc.

http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/North_Star_Devices

Developed by Dale Andreatta

http://solarcooking.org/pasteurization/puddle.htm

Safe Water Systems

http://www.safewatersystems.com

Foundations/ Research Groups

Cardinal Resources

http://www.cardinalres.com/index.html

Play Pump – for Kids

http://blog.playpumps.org/home/

Global Water Challenge

http://www.globalwaterchallenge.org/home/

WaterAid

http://www.wateraid.org/

Global Water Fund

http://www.globalwaterfund.com/home_page.html

Solar Powered Water Systems, assistance

http://www.sunfire.co.za/custompage/view/12500903115

Testing and Instrumentation

Global Water Instrumentation

http://www.globalw.com/

Global Water Group

http://www.globalwater.com/

Innovative Water Technologies

http://www.innovativeh2o.com/productSunspring.htm

Storage/pump products

Scan Water

http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=76 and http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=95

Q Drum

http://www.qdrum.co.za/

Safe Water Systems

http://www.safewatersystems.com

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About startides

TIDES Research Assistant Intern
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One Response to Water

  1. Pingback: Clean water is essential to human survival in all environments | Resilience Colab

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